This is when an editor take two pieces of film and puts them in one seamless sequence. The two pieces of film could be from two completely different parts of the film or they could be just after another. The clip below shows how seamless editing is used.
This is when the editor takes a number of shots and outs them together in an order to make a story and all of the shots flow together. The clip from the hangover below shows how continuity editing is used in the phone scene because it switches between the two shots but it is edited well so it flows.
In film, the editor would put lots of different shots together and compress them in a short period of time to make it look like there is a lot of information being given to the viewer in a short period of time. The clip below shows how a montage is used at the beginning of the film to give the audience the information they need to know before starting the film so the viewers have an introduction to the character.
The jump cut is a snappy transition that makes the character or an object look like they have moved without continuity. In the clip below where the man is in front of the mirror, the jump cut is used a lot when he is taking his wrist band off.
This is when two or more scenes are cut, they can be taken from the same or different locations. This lets the audience know want is happening in every part of the scene.
180 degree rule
This is the rule that the characters should keep the same left/right relationship away from each other otherwise it will change into a reverse shot. In the clip below, it shows how changing the camera angle can make the viewer feel uncomfortable and confused because the whole feel of the clip changes.
A transition refers to how a scene ends and the next begins, these transitions could include a fade, dissolve, wipe and iris. In the early days of editing, a fade would to conclude a film by the end image fading into a black screen and the end credits would appear. A dissolve would be put between two scenes that gradually fade between each other. The wipe is when the frame on screen is pushed by another frame coming onto the screen and the iris is not commonly used today, it is used mainly in old films and cartoons to move from one scene or location to another.
Point of view
Point of view shot is used to make the audience feel as though they are the character in the scene. This is to produce empathy so the audience understands how the character feels. The shot reverse shot is used to keep the continuity in the conversation as it will be filmed in different cuts.
Cutting to soundtrack
This is when the editor watches the scenes they are editing and listen to the soundtrack and they decide how fast they are going to make the sequences together or when the certain elements happen in the film corresponding to the beat of the music. In the Greys Anatomy clip, the music that is used is quite slow and romantic and this works well with the scenes because the editing isn’t fast and choppy, it is quite slow and fits with the feel of the sequence.